Sports bras

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A model adapted to the anatomy of women and the sport they practise helps to avoid injuries.

Every day more and more women adopt healthy lifestyle habits and, in addition to a balanced diet, include sport in their daily lives. However, many times they do not pay attention to one of the basic garments so that this physical activity does not provoke exactly what they are trying to avoid: health problems. This is the sports bra, a fundamental piece when exercising.

Many women use the same bras that they wear for their normal life to do sports, and others that do opt for a sports model only look at its beautiful design or its striking colours; a mistake, since to ensure health it is necessary to dedicate time to choose those models that adapt perfectly to the female anatomy and to the type and intensity of the physical activity that is practised. And it is not the same a sport in which jumps take place continuously, like basketball, as another one like Pilates, based on soft movements with hardly any explosiveness, but much more sustained in time.

The female chest barely has the support and has more uncontrolled mobility than any other part of the body, a circumstance that is aggravated when practising sports, whether low, medium or high impact. For this reason, the main functions of this garment are to provide the necessary support for any type of activity, protect the chest from harmful movements, and avoid the impact caused by physical exercise.

Today, technology and research applied to the sport have led to a wide variety of sports bras adapted to all types of needs. Noemí Rabinal, product manager of Running & Training Mujer at Adidas, explains the main characteristics of these garments: “They have ergonomic designs that protect the chest by adapting to the figure, and the cups are reinforced to maintain muscle tone even in moments of high impact, helping their recovery”. He adds that “the adjustments provide maximum support and freedom of movement thanks to adjustable cross straps and butterfly-shaped openings in the back, which enhance the elimination of sweat and ventilation”.

Proper sports bra prevents injury

Choosing the most suitable sports bra model for each woman helps to avoid injuries, as it offers the necessary support for the type of activity and the female anatomy. The natural chest support is based on your skin and Cooper’s ligaments, and if you don’t use the right sports bra, they have extra work for which they are not prepared and can break. This is not a temporary problem, as these ligaments do not regenerate. Also, even if there is no rupture, they lose effectiveness when they are overworked, which causes the natural fall of the chest that occurs with time.

Another of the common injuries in women who either did not wear a sports bra or wore an inadequate one is micronecrosis, that is, the cellular death of small parts of the internal tissues. Also, the impacts of movement that are received while performing the sport can cause other small internal injuries, both in the nervous system, as in the lymphatic or vascular.

On the other hand, the fact of not feeling comfortable doing a sports activity because of the movement of the chest makes a woman, unconsciously, modify the exercise trying to improve that discomfort. Forcing posture and routines in this way can carry risks, both muscular and at the level of the joints. For example, if you’re running and you’re not comfortable, you’ll probably change the way you run to minimize discomfort, which can lead to sprains or strains.

It is clear that restraint is basic to avoid injury, but that is not fixed with a sports bra a size smaller than it should be. This can lead to other problems such as ischemia, i.e. a temporary or even permanent decrease in blood supply to some part of the body, as well as other pathologies such as mammary hypertrophy, cervical or lumbar problems, or the so-called “runner’s nipple”, which is an irritation of the nipple that produces pain similar to rubbing with a burn.

All these health risks increase as years go by, as the muscles lose strength and face much worse aggressions and tensions.

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